(1) the following is prefixed to Ezechiel in the codex Marchalianus. It is well to remember that one of our chief sources of information for the history of that council is a book written to magnify Constantine. ", VIII, 1143-1147; Mansi, "Conc. In the second the prophecies concerning the vocation of the Gentiles and the rejection of the Jews are discussed. (21) Commentary on the Psalms. He had many enemies, yet the charge of cowardice was never seriously made — the best proof that it could not have been sustained. ", XIII, 313-317). It is known as the "Topics," or the "Onomasticon". (3) The same codex and also the Vatican and Alexandrine quote a colophon like the above, with the difference that Antoninus has become a confessor, and Pamphilus is in prison — "Antoninus the confessor compared, Pamphilus corrected". Eusebius of Caesarea (/ juː ˈ s iː b i ə s /; Greek: Εὐσέβιος τῆς Καισαρείας, Eusébios tés Kaisareías; AD 260/265 – 339/340), also known as Eusebius Pamphili (from the Greek: Εὐσέβιος τοῦ Παμϕίλου), was a historian of Christianity, exegete, and Christian polemicist.He became the bishop of Caesarea … in "Dict. The manner in which Eusebius deals with his numerous quotations elsewhere, where we can test his honesty, is a sufficient vindication against this unjust charge" (L., p. 325). My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. In the case of undisputed books he gave any interesting information concerning their composition which he had come across in his reading. He evidently enjoyed great prestige and may not unreasonably have expected to be able to steer the council through the via media between the Scylla and Charybdis of "Yes" and "No". But he by no means makes it clear who was the leader of the sedition, what sort of sedition it was, or by what means the strife was settled. The subject was most carefully investigated by Lightfoot in an article in "The Contemporary" (January, 1875, reprinted in "Essays on Supernatural Religion"), entitled "The Silence of Eusebius". — All references to Lightfoot, unless otherwise stated, are to this article. f Not to be confused with Eusebius of Nicomedia, St. Eusebius of Vercelli, or Pope St. Eusebius We believe in one only God, Father Almighty, Creator of things visible and invisible; and in the Lord Jesus Christ, for he is the Word of God, God of God, Light of Light, life of life, his only Son, the first- Thus, at the end of his account of the epistles of Dionysius of Alexandria, he says he is now going to relate the events of "our own times" (kath’ ‘emâs. Eusebius does not "indirectly confess", but openly avows, that he passes over certain scandals, and he enumerates them and denounces them. (2) A collection of Ancient Martyrdoms, used by the compiler of Wright's Syriac Martyrology, also lost. Eusebius of Caesarea is to be distinguished from his contemporary Eusebius of Nicomedia. Evang. The ninth book was completed between the defeat of Maxentius in 312, and Constantine's first rupture with Licinius in 314. In 331 Eusebius was among the bishops who, at a synod held in Antioch, deposed Eustathius. Around 313, about the time of Constantine's Edict of Milan, Eusebius became bishop of the Palestinian city. But he overlooked the reference in the "Dem. ", "There has been read the work of Eusebius Pamphili In praise of the great emperor Constantine, consisting of four books. It ranks, with the Chronicle, second only to the Church History in importance, because of its copious extracts from ancient authors whose works have perished. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Lit. nov. I have parted with an eye for the sake of the truth, but thou neither seemest to be maimed at all in body, nor hast thou suffered martyrdom, but art alive, and in no part mutilated. It was they who were to say that it embodied what they had been taught as catechumens and had taught as priests and bishops. Too humble to write anything himself, he spent his time in preparing accurate copies of the Scriptures and other books, especially those of Origen. Who baptized him he does not clearly show. (43) "In Praise of the Martyrs". Did not the followers of Eusebius rise up against us on account of the Arian madness? If this was to be done, and new matter (i.e. For thus those existing would be two.' Athanas., "Apol. (35) "Against Marcellus, Bishop of Ancyra", and (36) "On the Theology of the Church", a refutation of Marcellus. He was also an ardent admirer of the excellences of the holy martyr Pamphilus, for which cause some say that he took from him the surname Pamphili. Between 325 and 330 a heated controversy took place between Eusebius and Eustathius, Bishop of Antioch. Litz, 1897, p. 300), Preuschen returns to his original idea, and further suggests that the shorter form must have been joined to the Church History by some copyist who had access to Eusebius's manuscripts Harnack (Chronologie, 11, 115) holds to the priority of the longer form, but he thinks that the shorter form was composed almost at the same time for readers of the Church History. He was a heretic, a supporter of Arius, who used his influence among the members of the family of Constantine the Great to further the Arian position as well as his personal esteem. I, p. 15; Gwatkin, "Studies of Arianism", p. 42, 2nd edition; McGiffert, "Prolog. The Catholic Encyclopedia. (40) At the Vicennalia of Constantine. His arguments are rejected by Prof. Klostermann, in his introduction to these two works published in 1905 for the Berlin edition of the Greek Fathers. (43) "In Praise of the Martyrs". After some delay Eusebius subscribed to the uncompromising creed drawn up by the council, making no secret, in the letter which he wrote to his own Church, of the non-natural sense in which he accepted it. (23 to 28) Commentaries on other books of Holy Scripture, of some of which what may be extracts are preserved. Was not Eusebius of Caesarea in Palestine accused by our confessors of sacrificing?". "For what sort of a council of bishops was that ? Translated by Newman with notes in the Oxford Library of the Fathers (Select Treatises of St. Athanasius, p. 59) and St. Athanasius, vol. An epitome, very probably from the hand of Eusebius, of this work was discovered and published by Mai in 1825. Eusebius of Nicomedia was an Arian priest, the man who baptised Constantine the Great. These were written during the persecution. (20) On the nomenclature of the Book of the Prophets. 250 sqq. Lightfoot rejects this view chiefly on the ground that "the Text of the codex in many respects differs too widely from the readings found in Eusebius". From Jerusalem they were summoned to Constantinople (336), where Marcellus was condemned. . 23), "Eusebius Pamphilus says that immediately after the Synod Egypt became agitated by intestine divisions; but as he does not assign the reason for this, some have accused him of disingenuousness, and have even attributed his failure to specify the causes of these dissensions to a determination on his part not to give his sanction to the proceedings at Nice. Concerning Eusebius's parentage we know absolutely nothing; but the fact that he escaped with a short term of imprisonment during the terrible Diocletian persecution, when his master Pamphilus and others of his companions suffered martyrdom, suggests that he belonged to a family of some influence and importance. He calls Manes, whom he places (Church History VII.31) during the episcopate of Felix (270-274), "the maniac of yesterday and our own timess" (Theophania, IV, 30). Between 325 and 330 a heated controversy took place between Eusebius and Eustathius, Bishop of Antioch. Lightfoot speaks very highly of this commentary. Athanas., "Apol. ", (2) At the end of the Book of Esdras, in the codex Sinaiticus, there is the following note:—, It was compared with a very ancient copy that had been corrected by the hand of the blessed martyr Pamphilus to which is appended in his own hand this subscription: "It was transcribed and corrected according to the Hexapla of Origen, Antoninus compared, I, Pamphilus, corrected." IV, pp. Dr. Hort in 1876 ("Two Dissertations", etc., pp. ", XIII, 313-317). From the Epistle of Arius to Eusebius, Bishop of Nicomedia (in Theodoret's Eccles. Were we not continually writing against them as against those who held the opinions of Arius? In regard to the Gospel of St. John, Lightfoot concludes: "The silence of Eusebius respecting early witnesses to the Fourth Gospel is an evidence in its favour." Concerning Eusebius's parentage we know absolutely nothing; but the fact that he escaped with a short term of imprisonment during the terrible Diocletian persecution, when his master Pamphilus and others of his companions suffered martyrdom, suggests that he belonged to a family of some influence and importance. Eusebius replied by assembling a council in his own province, which begged all the Eastern bishops to communicate with Arius, and to use their influence with Alexander in his favor. Out of devotion to his memory Eusebius called himself Eusebius Pamphili, meaning, probably, that he wished to be regarded as the bondsman of him whose name "it is not meet that I should mention … without styling him my lord" (Mart. Mor. It would be difficult to overestimate the obligation which posterity is under to Eusebius for this monumental work. (35) "Against Marcellus, Bishop of Ancyra", and (36) "On the Theology of the Church", a refutation of Marcellus. Also Solomon, in the person of the wisdom of God, says, `The Lord created me in the beginning of his ways,' etc., and farther on he says: And besides all this, as the pre-existent word of God, who also preëxisted before all ages created, he received divine honor from the Father, and is worshipped as God. This work is referred to by Eusebius twice, in the "Præp. Biog. Testimonies of the Ancients Against Eusebius. Whether as in the case of the Old Testament, they worked on any definite critical principles is not known. (42) At the Tricennalia of Constantine. (1) The lost Life of Pamphilus, often referred to by Eusebius, of which only a single fragment, describing Pamphilus' liberality to poor students, quoted by St. Jerome (c. If ever there was a man under an obligation to respect the maxim, De mortuis nil nisi bonum, this man was Eusebius, writing the Life of Constantine within three years after his death (337). But this he has by no means done, for he remained like Aethiops with his skin unchanged. (19) (a) Interpretation of the ethnological terms in the Hebrew Scriptures; (b) Chronography of Ancient Judaea with the Inheritances of the Ten Tribes; (c) A plan of Jerusalem and the Temple; (d) on the Names of Places in the Holy Scripture. It is known as the "Topics," or the "Onomasticon". New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. When, where, or how he escaped death or any kind of mutilation, we do not know. May 1, 1909. . ", IV, p. 218, and in Migne. Pal., ed. Here, with two notable exceptions, scholars seem to be agreed in favour of the longer form. Arguing from St. Transcription. 129 sqq.). (17) Sections and Canons. 104), calls his brother Gallio dominus. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. After some preliminary remarks, the writer proceeds: "We first transmit to you the writing concerning the faith which was put forward by us, and then the second, which they have published after putting in additions to our expressions. According to this interpretation the preliminary statement still remains autobiographical; but it merely informs us that the writer exercised the office of priest before he became a bishop. At the opening of the Council of Nicæa Eusebius occupied the first seat on the right of the emperor, and delivered the inaugural address which was "couched in a strain of thanksgiving to Almighty God on his, the emperor's behalf" (Vit. At the opening of the Council of Nicæa Eusebius occupied the first seat on the right of the emperor, and delivered the inaugural address which was "couched in a strain of thanksgiving to Almighty God on his, the emperor's behalf" (Vit. The result was a "mischievous mixture of the Alexandrian version with the versions of Aquila and Theodotion" (Swete, "Introd. The shorter form lacks some introductory remarks, referred to in c. xiii, which defined the scope of the book. An indignant bishop, who had been one of his fellow-prisoners and "lost an eye for the Truth", demanded at the Council of Tyre how "he came off scathless". 7. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York. The shorter form is found in most manuscripts (not, however, in the best) of the Church History, sometimes at the end of the last book, generally between books VIII and IX, also in the middle of book VIII. Eusebius of Nicomedia was initially bishop of Berytus (modern day Beirut) in Phoenicia. Lit. Hierocles, who, as governor in Bithynia and in Egypt, was a cruel enemy of the Christians during the persecution, before the persecution had attacked them with the pen. 212.) Hist. (appendix) and elsewhere. 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