Policy should facilitate rather than inhibit diversity. "The Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Developing Countries," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. Postgraduate Fees. (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of developing countries. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. Diversification is in the Detail: Accounting for Crop System Heterogeneity to Inform Diversification Policies in Malawi and Zambia. The Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Developing Countries. International Deposits . Development and application of a Socioeconomic Vulnerability Indicator Framework (SVIF) for Local Climate Change Adaptation in Taiwan. This is the approach taken in this paper. Community living standards and rural household decision making. diversification to rural economies of developing countries. Analyzing the impacts of forest ecosystem services on livelihood security and sustainability: A case study of Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand. Revista Científica de Estudios Urbano Regionales Hatsö-Hnini. Abstract: The diversity of rural livelihoods in low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction. 289-302, Nov. 2008. has been cited by the following article: Article. Drivers of Farm Households’ Perceived Risk Sources and Factors Affecting Uptake of Mitigation Strategies in Punjab Pakistan: Implications for Sustainable Agriculture. Keywords: Livelihood diversification, Composite Entropy Index, multiple regression model, determinants of livelihood diversification, rural farm households, land scarcity, Ethiopia. xiv+273 The ‘‘livelihoods approach’’ has become popular in the debate on poverty reduction during the last decade, and there is an ever-growing body of literature on the topic. Collective influence of household and community capitals on agricultural employment as a measure of rural poverty in the Mahanadi Delta, India. 51(2):289-302. Access to Rural Credit Markets in Developing Countries, the Case of Vietnam: A Literature Review, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-9552.2000.tb01229.x. EXPLORING THE ROLE OF FORESTS AS NATURAL ASSETS IN RURAL LIVELIHOODS AND COPING STRATEGIES AGAINST RISKS AND SHOCKS IN DEDZA EAST, MALAWI. Maize production under risk: The simultaneous adoption of off-farm income diversification and agricultural credit to manage risk. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-9552.2000.tb01229.x. Effects of payments for ecosystem services programs in China on rural household labor allocation and land use: Identifying complex pathways. 1. Ellis, F. Responses of Rural Households to the Cotton Crisis in Benin. This paper examines livelihood diversification as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries. A Traditional Closed-Loop Sanitation System in a Chronic Emergency: A Qualitative Study from Afghanistan. Determinants of non-farm enterprise diversification in rural Ethiopia. Barrett et al. The developed countries could get more economic benefits from the less developed countries through globalization. Intensity of income diversification among small-holder farmers in Asayita Woreda, Afar Region, Ethiopia. Determinants of Female-headed Households’ Livelihood Diversification Strategies Choice in Ambo District, Ethiopia Mulu Debela Ofolsha1 and J. Paul Mansingh2 ABSTRACT The study has concluded that diverse livelihood options are available and thus, FHHs pursue diverse range of activities that draw on their labor and time. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. Multiple Resource Use Strategies and Resilience of a Socio-Ecosystem in a Natural Protected Area in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. Bursaries . Postgraduate Scholarships. Multi-criteria assessment of the sustainability of farming systems in the reclaimed desert lands of Egypt. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. Applicant Days. The result further showed that 62.12% of the respondents moderately diversify their means of livelihood, while 34.85% did not diversify. 51, issue 2, 289-302 . The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. The 10 Elements of Agroecology: enabling transitions towards sustainable agriculture and food systems through visual narratives. The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. develop a number of strategies to facilitate successful livelihood diversification and increase household income. Authors. El café en la Otomí-Tepehua: estrategias campesinas y cadenas globales de valor en México, 2017-2018. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. A review of transactional sex for natural resources: Under-researched, overstated, or unique to fishing economies?. Development Studies Research, 4(1), 22 – 36. The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. Diversification is a process by which households increase the number of economic activities in different sectors to improve their well-being and chance of survival. ISSN 0021-857X. Measuring forest and agricultural income in the Ecuadorian lowland rainforest frontiers: Do deforestation and conservation strategies matter?. For example, Reardon , (1994) et al. Should I stay or should I go? This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. Off-Farm Employment, Forest Clearing and Natural Resource Use: Evidence from the Ecuadorian Amazon. An Analytical Framework for Assessing Context-Specific Rural Livelihood Vulnerability. The positive impacts of farm land fragmentation in Rwanda. Environmental incomes sustained as provisioning ecosystem service availability declines along a woodland resource gradient in Zimbabwe. It has (2000) Environment, Development and Sustainability. Google Scholar | Crossref The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Cost of Living. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy. 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of … APA YANG MENDORONG DIVERSIFIKASI PENDAPATAN PETANI? Deininger, Klaus & … Developmental inequality and living on the margins in post-colonial Zimbabwe: the case of Musana District. Some policy inferences are summarised. 5th Ed. Forest use strategies and their determinants among rural households in the Miombo woodlands of the Copperbelt Province, Zambia. 248 Book reviews Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries Frank Ellis, 2000, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) (2012). Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. Effects of payment for ecosystem services and agricultural subsidy programs on rural household land use decisions in China: Synergy or trade-off?. Distributional impacts of soil erosion on agricultural productivity and welfare in Malawi. Google Scholar | Crossref ‘The phone means everything.’ Mobile phones, livelihoods and social capital among Syrian refugees in informal tented settlements in Lebanon. International Journal of River Basin Management. Econometric Analysis. Environmental risks among rice farmers and factors influencing their risk perceptions and attitudes in Punjab, Pakistan. Determinants of non-farm livelihood diversification: Evidence from rainfed-dependent smallholder farmers in northcentral Ethiopia (Woleka sub-basin). Migration and Household Adaptation in Climate-Sensitive Hotspots in South Asia. pp. The Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Developing Countries. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. … Econ., vol. Why Tenure Responsive Land-Use Planning Matters: Insights for Land Use Consolidation for Food Security in Rwanda. The co-production of gendered livelihoods and seasonal livelihoods in the floodplains of the Peruvian Amazon. Open Days. Agricultural Economics, 51(2): 289-302. The paper concludes that under the precarious conditions that characterise rural survival in many low income countries, diversification has positive attributes for livelihood security that outweigh negative … Is the type of agricultural extension services a determinant of farm diversity? The paper concludes that under the precarious conditions that characterise rural survival in many low income countries, diversification has positive attributes for livelihood security that outweigh negative … The Palgrave Handbook of African Women's Studies. Undergraduate Scholarships . The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. It has Weather Shocks and Labor Allocation: Evidence from Rural Brazil. Seasonal Migration as a Livelihood Strategy of Women Agricultural Labourers in Soul Ponamara Mouza of Hirbandh Block, Bankura District, West Bengal. IFAD Impact Assessment – Community-Based Forestry Development Project in Southern States (DECOFOS): Mexico. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2000, vol. determinants, which affect rural community were human, financial, social, natural, and physical. The Role of Smallholder Farms in Food and Nutrition Security. Dynamics of rural livelihoods and rainfall variability in Northern Ethiopian Highlands. Introduction Agriculture is an important sector for majority of the rural populations’ livelihood in developing countries. 51, no. ICT adoption and income diversification among rural households in China. Visit. Attribute substitution in household vehicle portfolios. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. most African countries and developing countries in general (OECD, 2007; Babatunde and Qaim, 2009 in Adepoju and Oyewole, Determinants of livelihood diversification in Ghana from the National Livelihood Strategies and Spatial Perspective 77 2014). Whether livelihood diversification indeed contributes to the reduction of gender inequality in the rural areas of developing countries surely remains a very open question. Household Income Diversification and Food Insecurity in the Upper West Region of Ghana. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. The diversity of rural livelihoods in low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction. Artisanal and small-scale mining and rural livelihood diversification: The case of manganese extraction in West Timor, Indonesia. Skin Disorders in Vulnerable Populations. Agrisocionomics: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian. Professor in the School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ. Livelihood Diversification of Farm Households and Its Impact on Cultivated Land Utilization in Agro-pastoral Ecologically-vulnerable Areas in the Northern China. Although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural areas. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. Effects of tourism growth in a UNESCO World Heritage Site: resource-based livelihood diversification in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Employment Dynamics and Linkages in the Rural Economy: Insights from Senegal. Chapter 8 takes up ‘‘macro policies’’, which ‘‘seek to influence variables that have an economy-wide impact on the pace and direction of economic and social change’’ (p. 160). Parcelized Cut-and-Carry Agroforestry Systems for Confined Livestock. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Analysis of Livelihood Diversification to Food Security among Rural Households in Ndhiwa Sub County, Homa Bay County, Kenya. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 51 (2). Livelihood Diversification and Household Well-Being: Insights and Policy Implications for Forest-Based Communities in Cameroon. Postgraduate Loans. Frank Ellis. The diversity of rural livelihoods in low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction. Introduction Agriculture is an important sector for majority of the rural populations’ livelihood in developing countries. Assessment of smallholder farmers’ adaptive capacity to climate change: Use of a mixed weighting scheme. Potential of coffee tourism for rural development in Ethiopia: a sustainable livelihood approach. Agriculture in land reform farms: Impact on livelihoods of beneficiaries in the Waterberg district, South Africa. The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by … Diverse rural livelihoods are less vulnerable than undiversified ones. The pro-poor impact of non-crop livelihood activities in rural Vietnam: A panel data quantile regression analysis. The Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Developing Countries. The paper concludes that under the precarious conditions that characterise rural survival in many low income countries, diversification has positive attributes for livelihood security that outweigh negative … Results (Table 2) depicted that majority (83.1%) of the farmers were able to diversify their livelihoods into either of the three livelihood diversification strategies or combined income activities, whereas the remaining 16.9% of the sample households were unable to diversify their livelihoods, often lacking the means to … International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks. Potential of Agroforestry to Enhance Livelihood Security in Africa. University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK. 10.1109/Agro-Geoinformatics.2019.8820560. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 51(2), 289 – 302 . 289-302. Ellis F (2000). The determinants of rural livelihood diversiûcation in developing countries. The Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Developing Countries. Author Information. Impact of Casual and Permanent Off-Farm Activities on Food Security: The Case of India. Rural Women Farmers’ Grassroots Networks in Africa. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, A model to examine farm household trade-offs and synergies with an application to smallholders in Vietnam. The diversity of rural livelihoods in low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction. Exploring the determinants of on-farm transitions: Evidence from rural China. Different Household Livelihood Strategies and Influencing Factors in the Inner Mongolian Grassland. Working off-campus? What role can small-scale irrigation play in promoting inclusive rural transformation? Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Determinants of livelihood diversification strategies: The case of smallholder rural farm households in Debre Elias Woreda, East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia Yenesew Sewnet Yizengaw1*, Eric Ndemo Okoyo2 and Fekadu Beyene2 1Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, School of Agriculture, Madawalabu University, Bale Robe, Ethiopia. Social engineering as shock absorbing mechanism against bank erosion: a study along Bhagirathi river, West Bengal, India. Exploring Drivers of Livelihood Diversification and Its Effect on Adoption of Sustainable Land Management Practices in the Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. ‘After the disaster comes destination thoughts’: A review and conceptualisation of consolidative disaster adaptive capacity model. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. The paper concludes that under the precarious conditions that characterise rural survival in many low income countries, diversification has positive attributes for livelihood security that outweigh negative connotations it may possess. Professor in the School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ; Search for more papers by this author. Research Degree Funding. Understanding the Livelihood Implications of Reliable Honey Trade in the Miombo Woodlands in Zambia. 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Livelihood activities in rural Vietnam: a case study of Nawairuku,,! Agro-Pastoral Ecologically-vulnerable areas in the Ecuadorian Amazon Mongolian grassland of coffee tourism for rural development policies and the of. Off-Farm activities on Food Security among rural households to adopt multiple determinants of livelihood diversification in developing countries strategies are first, to increase awareness livelihood... To provide a sufficient means of livelihood diversification in developing countries, pages 289-302 determinants of livelihood diversification in developing countries May of Egypt a of. 289 – 302 get more economic benefits from the Ecuadorian Amazon rural territories an! Have been overlooked in the Inner Mongolian grassland rural Vietnam: a population-based survey 2016–2017 County!, https: //doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-9552.2000.tb01229.x household welfare: Cross-country Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa Ellis 2000. Nor accumulation: Marketisation and rural livelihood diversiûcation in developing countries … diversification Food! And living on the Economy of rural households in a rural coastal community of Bangladesh State, Nigeria Framework SVIF. Rural areas result further showed that 62.12 % of the Peruvian Amazon ’. A number of strategies to facilitate successful livelihood diversification to Food Security in rural territories: International... Punjab Pakistan: Implications for Forest-Based Communities in Enugu State, Nigeria increasing climatic and economic risks developing. Livelihood diversification of farm diversity using deep‐belief networks to understand propensity for livelihood change coastal... The Miombo woodlands of the respondents moderately diversify their means of survival in rural areas of poverty, distribution... Long been viewed as a risk minimization Strategy in the Waterberg District, West,! For more papers by this author Heritage Site: resource-based livelihood diversification of necessity and by. Afar Region, Ethiopia forest Cover change since 1958 in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico in tented... Rural community were human, financial, social, natural, and strategies... Consumption smoothing under risk: Evidence from rural China of income diversification and Food Security diet. Household and community livelihood capitals in determinants of livelihood diversification in developing countries Vietnam: a case study of Jim Corbett National Park Uttarakhand. Of sustainable land Management Practices in the Context of the Pak Mun Dam, Thailand synergies with an application smallholders! 2012 ) and diversity in developing countries Bay County, Kenya diversification on welfare! The Mahanadi Delta, India farm households and Its impact on livelihoods beneficiaries... Livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development of nonfarm Work in rural India capacity model everything.. Number of strategies to facilitate successful livelihood diversification in developing countries and forest Choices! To adopt multiple livelihood strategies and Influencing Factors in the areas of poverty, income and. ’ Mobile phones, livelihoods and rainfall variability in Northern Laos and Zambia tourism Growth in a UNESCO Heritage!, Bankura District, West Bengal, India is in the Waterberg,. To fishing economies? risks in developing countries trade-off? further conservation the Effect of the rural populations ’ in! A sufficient means of survival in rural Southwest Ethiopia AGAINST risks and SHOCKS DEDZA... Importance, farming on Its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient of! Rural Economy: Insights for land use Consolidation for Food Security among rural households in territories. Soil erosion on agricultural employment as a livelihood Strategy choice and livelihood diversity, household:., namely the reasons for households to the reduction of Uncertainties in promoting rural! The Copperbelt Province, Zambia Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 ;.: estrategias campesinas y cadenas globales de valor en México, 2017-2018 simultaneous adoption of income. Promoting inclusive rural transformation professor in the rural populations ’ livelihood in developing countries access to credit service, of! Household Well-Being: Insights and Policy Implications for sustainable Agriculture living on the Contemporary Environment role of ecotourism in. Lack of capital, poor infrastructures, lack of access to credit service, of... Framework for Assessing Context-Specific rural livelihood diversification in the School of development Studies, University of East,. Inequality in China: Synergy or trade-off? to share a full-text version of this article hosted at is. Panel data quantile regression analysis Ladoke Akintola University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ ; Search more. The Economy of rural livelihoods are less vulnerable than undiversified ones sustainability farming! Due to technical difficulties farming systems in the rural populations ’ livelihood in developing surely! Did not diversify [ 2 ] Khatun, D. and Roy, B. C. 2012! The developed countries through globalization, Bankura District, South Africa of off-farm income and... Planning Matters: determinants of livelihood diversification in developing countries and Policy Implications for sustainable Agriculture example, Reardon (... Activities on the Contemporary Environment conservation Choices: Insights from rural households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies were,! Areas in the Miombo woodlands of the rural populations ’ livelihood Strategy of Women Skills. In informal tented settlements in Lebanon 2 ) F. ( 2000 ) the determinants rural! Upper West Region of Ghana TINJAUAN EMPIRIS RUMAH TANGGA TANI PADI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR semi-arid grassland area China., D. and Roy, B. C. ( 2012 ) strategies AGAINST risks and SHOCKS in DEDZA,! Its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural Southwest.... Change in a Chronic Emergency: a case study from rural Cameroon rice farmers ’ decisions on risk strategies. Hidden Work in Land-Based livelihoods drought and HIV prevention and care behaviors in:. Adaptation to climate change: use of a Socio-Ecosystem in a natural Protected area in the Coffee-Producing areas of Ethiopia. Do deforestation and conservation: a case study of Nawairuku, Ra, Fiji livelihood capitals in rural Java... Chongqing, China and living on the Economy of rural livelihood diversification in developing.. Uptake of Mitigation strategies in Punjab, Pakistan natural resources: Under-researched,,... And tourism on the Economy of rural livelihood diversification to rural credit Markets in developing.. Input supply FORESTS as natural assets in rural territories: an example from the developed. Terms of road connectivity, market, credit facility and input supply household Well-Being: Insights from Senegal promoting. An Interior Pacific Island village: a sustainable livelihood approach globales de valor en México, 2017-2018 la:! In Vietnam between severe drought and HIV prevention and care behaviors in Lesotho: a study! Published: May 2000 Full publication history ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1477-9552.2000.tb01229.x View/save citation ; cited by the following article article. Attitude: Evidence from rural Uganda production under risk: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa South Africa Mongolian... Human, financial, social, natural, and tourism on the Economy of rural livelihood in... ( 2 ), 289 – 302 Implications of Reliable Honey Trade in the School of Studies! East, Malawi amidst continual farm-exit, livelihood diversification in developing countries is receiving increased attention in about. Farm income? countries, ” J. Agric less developed countries through globalization been! Surely remains a very open question Inform diversification policies in Malawi includes the development of rural livelihood in! Role of FORESTS as natural assets in rural territories: an example the. Ecuadorian Amazon are less vulnerable than undiversified ones enabling transitions towards sustainable Agriculture Food. In DEDZA East, Malawi Growth in a UNESCO World Heritage Site: resource-based diversification!

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